- 81 Heritage and Historical Sites
- 7,600 Kilometres of Seacoast
- 07 Distinct Regions
Nova Scotia—it means New Scotland—but you will discover many cultures here. Strong Celtic and Acadian heritages create your opportunity to tap along with bagpipers, drummers, and fiddlers. Dive into military history at the Halifax Citadel National Hisoric Site or Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site. Around the province, your sense of humour is useful: locals’ friendliness is legendary and many folks are quick with a story or joke. Take up temporary residence in one of North America’s oldest towns, Annapolis Royal. Dive into the pulse of Halifax’s thriving pub scene in a city famous for one of Canada’s most-loved beers. Eat more fresh lobster and scallops than you ever thought possible, pulled from the Atlantic and the Bay of Fundy, home to the world’s highest tides. Visit sites where the Titanic disaster is remembered as a local event. Hike coastal trails and spot whales offshore. Create your own postcard photos of colourful architecture in seaside villages like Lunenburg and Peggy’s Cove.
This is Nova Scotia, a coastal playground with bagpipes and seafood.
- Find local produce and artisan items at the Halifax Seaport Farmers' Market, and explore the Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21 right next door.
- Step back in history to learn about one of Canada’s most popular beers at the Alexander Keith’s brewery tour in Halifax.
- Learn about a unique architectural style while shopping and dining in Halifax’s trendy Hydrostone neighbourhood.
- Spend an evening visiting Halifax pubs, where you’re likely to hear live music and sample regionally-produced beer and wines.
Arts & Culture
- Be soldier for a day at the Halifax Citadel National Historic Site.
- Dance at a ceilidh and revel in music and culture at the Celtic Colours International Festival.
- Visit the Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site, North America's largest reconstructed French fortified town.
- The Halifax International Busker Festival on the Halifax waterfront is the largest outdoor festival in Atlantic Canada.
- Visit museums and a cemetery to honour the lost souls of Titanic who are buried here.
- Take in the architecture of Old Town Lunenburg, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with buildings from the late 1700s and early 1800s still in use today.
Food & Drink
Nature & Wildlife
- Spring in Nova Scotia (mid March) brings temperatures from freezing to a comfortable 20°C. Gardens and golf courses come to life.
- From mid June through mid September, warm days are the norm across Nova Scotia with temperatures around 20°C - 25°C, maybe a bit cooler by the sea. It’s the perfect time to hit the beach, take a hike, and play on the Bay of Fundy.
- Fall arrives in mid September, bringing gradually cooler temperatures into mid-December. Early- to mid-fall is the time to experience Nova Scotia’s countless leafy trees (maple, oak, and others) in their dazzling show of autumn colours.
- Winter can bring freezing and icy temperatures, but can be broken by above-freezing temperatures. It’s a great time to sample indoor activities—including great dining and museums, or to watch a local hockey or curling match.
- Discover local weather information. Research local weather patterns at Environment Canada's Canadian Climate Normals Website.
Area: 55,284, sq km (21,345 sq mi)
Cities: Halifax, the capital and largest city
Origin of Name: “New Scotland” in Latin
Official Welcome: Ciad Mile Failte (Gaelic for One Hundred Thousand Welcomes)
- The many deciduous trees of the region make for a vibrant, colourful show of autumn leaves, generally during October.
- Halifax is vibrant year-round; as a university town, pubs are especially busy during the school season.
- Cruise ship season peaks in the fall when the leaves are changing colour.
- Golf is best from late spring through early fall.
- Wildlife viewing and whale watching is good from spring to fall, with various species peaking at different times.
- Plan your vacation around Nova Scotia’s many festivals and events.